Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Secondary Fault

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_590

Definition

Secondary faults are subsidiary faults of lesser extent that accompany the major, master/main/primary fault (the longest/widest fault), playing a critical role in fault growth.

Category

A type of  fault

Synonyms

Secondary fracture; Secondary tectonic fault

Subtypes

Damage zones where secondary faults are produced have three types: tip-, wall- (distributed), and linking-damage zones (Kim and Sanderson 2006; Kim et al. 2003, 2004; Fig. 1).
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References

  1. Anderson EM (1951) The dynamics of faulting and dyke formation with applications to Britain. Oliver and Boyd, EdinburghGoogle Scholar
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  11. Scholz CH (2011) First-order splay faults: dip-slip examples. In: Fagereng A, Toy VG, Rowland JV (eds) Geology of the earthquake source: a volume in honour of Rick Sibson, vol 359, Special publications. Geological Society, London, pp 313–318Google Scholar
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  14. Schultz RA (2000) Localization of bedding plane slip and backthrust faults above blind thrust faults: keys to wrinkle ridge structure. J Geophys Res 105(E5):12035–12052CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA