Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Spatter Cone

  • Emőke Fodor
  • Károly Németh
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_589

Definition

A low (few meters to tens of meters high), steep-sided (up to subvertical angles) lava spatter edifice around a fissure or focused vent typically emitting mafic magmas fed directly from deep magmatic sources through mild explosive eruptions.

Synonyms

 Agglutinate cone; Volcanello (rare)

Description

Steep-sided cone of agglutinated spatter built up on along a fissure or vent forming lava fountains (Wolff and Sumner 2000). Lava spatter cones are commonly associated with fissures forming rows of lava spatter cones as documented from many terrestrial locations. Lava spatter cones can form stand-alone volcanic landforms or row of cones especially in association with extensive lava fields.

Morphometry

They are small features (Wolff and Sumner 2000) and reach 3–10 m during the first day of eruption (Wood 1980b). On Earth, on average, their basal diameter is 80 m, crater to cone diameter relation is 0.36, cone height to basal diameter ratio is 0.22, volume is 0.06 × 10 6 m 3, and...
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physical Geography, Institute of Geography and Earth SciencesEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.Institute of Agriculture and Environment, Volcanic Risk SolutionsMassey UniversityPalmerston NorthNew Zealand