Seamounts were traditionally defined as isolated underwater active or extinct undersea volcanoes that reach at least 1,000 m in height from base to summit (Menard 1964). However, the term seamount has been modified many times in order to serve the particular needs of a discipline or a specific paper. For geoscientists, seamounts are defined as constructional features with emphasis on formation processes (Staudigel et al. 2010). For biologists, seamounts are important as habitats that are controlled by specific ocean environments, including the shape and summit depth, the type of substrate, and the hydrographic conditions of seamounts. To embrace a broad spectrum of science disciplines that studies seamounts, an inclusive umbrella definition (Staudigel et al. 2010) has been proposed as “any geographically isolated topographic feature on the seafloor taller than 100 m, including ones whose summit regions may temporarily emerge above sea level, but not including features that...
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