Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Strike-Slip Faults

  • Matteo Massironi
  • Young-Seog Kim
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_548

Definition

Faults with a displacement parallel to the strike of fault plane.

Category

A type of  fault

Synonyms

Description

High angle dipping faults where the displacement vector is parallel to the fault strike and, hence, to the planetary surface (e.g., Sylvester 1988; Fossen 2010). Recognizable at the surface by means of the related horizontal offsets, the linkage of their original constitutive Riedel-, P- and T-type fractures, their fault terminations (horse-tail, wing cracks, branch faults etc.) and specific structural features at their step and bends (positive and negative flower structures, restraining or realising bends or step-overs) (Figs. 1 and 2). A variant of strike-slip faults are transpressive and transtensive faults where an important component of the slip vector parallel to the fault strike is coupled to a component of dip slip movement (either compressional or extensional).
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Dipartimento di Geoscienze and CISASUniversità degli Studi di PadovaPaduaItaly
  2. 2.Department of Earth and Environmental SciencesPukyong National UniversityBusanSouth Korea