Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Sedimentary Rocks (Mars)

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_386


Lithified deposits on Mars interpreted to be of sedimentary origin.


Layered/stratified sedimentary deposits; Lithified/indurated sedimentary deposits


“Sedimentary” refers to deposition and accumulation of loose particles originated locally or transported from a greater distance or minerals precipitated from solution.


Inferred sedimentary rocks on Mars distinctive in their stratification, depositional morphology, mineral composition, tone/albedo variations, and thermal inertia (Grotzinger and Milliken 2012).


Sedimentary depositional settings (geographical locations where inferred sedimentary deposits are found on Mars) and sedimentary rock types as defined by Grotzinger and Milliken ( 2012):
  1. (1)

    Underfilled basins.“Topographic depressions created by tectonic extension, subterranean collapse, or impact events [that] have acted as significant sediment traps.” These locations experienced limited sediment accumulation such that sediments or...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geophysics and Planetary GeosciencesJet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of TechnologyPasadenaUSA