Encyclopedia of Planetary Landforms

2015 Edition
| Editors: Henrik Hargitai, Ákos Kereszturi

Dome (Volcanic)

  • Christian WöhlerEmail author
  • Henrik Hargitai
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-3134-3_129


Round-shaped elevations consisting of volcanic material (Fink and Anderson 2000).


A type of  volcano


In volcanology, “geomorphological result of congelation of accumulated silicic melt of high viscosity” (Ágústsdóttir et al. 2010).

Subtypes of Volcanic Domes

  1. (1)
  2. (2)

     Nonmare dome (Moon)

  3. (3)
  4. (4)
  5. (5)
  6. (6)
  7. (7)

    Volcanic domes on the floors of some lunar craters (prominent example, Capuanus), morphologically similar to  mare domes (Lena et al. 2013)

  8. (8)
  9. (9)
  10. (10)

     Tholus (Mars) (domical volcano)



Lunar  mare domestypically display diameters in between about 5 and 25 km, average flank slopes (measured from the dome center to its rim) in between some tenths of a degree and (in rare cases) more than 3°, low heights of some tens of meters to at most a few hundred meters, and...
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  2. Besse S, Sunshine JM, Pieters CM, Petro NE, Staid M, Deepak D, Head JW, Isaacson PJ, M3 Team (2010) New observations of the Marius Hills Complex from Moon Mineralogy Mapper (M3). Lunar Planet Sci Conf, abstract #1361, HoustonGoogle Scholar
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Image Analysis GroupTU Dortmund UniversityDortmundGermany
  2. 2.NASA Ames Research Center/NPPMoffett FieldUSA