Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Chromium and Nutritional Supplement

  • Sreejayan NairEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_8



Chromium: Chromium is a common element that exists in the environment in several oxidation states. Trivalent chromium is a component of the natural diet which is thought to be essential for glucose and lipid homeostasis.

Obesity-associated diseases: Obesity is the abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that may impair health. Obesity increase the risk of cardiovascular disease includes insulin resistance, type-2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, stroke, atherosclerosis, and heart failure. Obesity is associated with increased risk of premature death.

Type-2 diabetes: Chronic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose levels caused by either a lack or the inability of the body to efficiently utilize insulin.

The use of nutritional supplements has increased during the past years and it is currently estimated that one half of all Americans used one or other form of nutritional...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Wyoming, School of PharmacyCollege of Health Sciences and the Center for Cardiovascular Research and Alternative MedicineLaramieUSA