Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Silicon Nanowires

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_493

Synonyms

Definition

Silicon nanowires (SiNWs) are a type of one-dimensional silicon-based nanostructures with diameters smaller than 100 nm and length of micrometer or even longer. SiNWs feature many attractive properties including excellent electronic/mechanical properties, favorable biocompatibility, huge surface-to-volume ratios, surface tailorability, improved multifunctionality, as well as their compatibility with conventional silicon technology.

Metal-catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) (Wu and Yang 2001) and oxide-assisted growth (OAG) (Zhang et al. 2003) are widely recognized as two classic methods for synthesizing silicon nanowires (SiNWs) (He et al. 2010). In 1998, the groups of Lieber (Morales and Lieber 1998) and Lee (Zhang et al. 1998) independently reported the method of laser ablation-assisted VLS growth for the synthesis of single-crystal SiNWs with diameters of 6–20 nm and lengths ranging from 1 to 30 μm, realizing the first large-quantity...
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Functional Nano & Soft MaterialsSoochow UniversityJiangsuChina
  2. 2.Laboratory of Physical BiologyShanghai Institute of Applied PhysicsShanghaiChina
  3. 3.National Key Laboratory of Analytical Chemistry for Life Science, School of Chemistry and Chemical EngineeringNanjing UniversityNanjingChina