Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Calcium, Neuronal Sensor Proteins

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_45

Synonyms

 CaM;  DREAM;  Frq1;  GCAP;  KChIP;  NCS-1

Definitions

Calmodulin, Downstream response element antagonist modulator, Yeast frequenin, Guanylate cyclase activator protein, Potassium channel–interacting protein, Neuronal calcium sensor protein-1.

Background

Intracellular calcium (Ca 2+) regulates a variety of neuronal signal transduction processes in the brain and retina. The effects of changes in neuronal Ca 2+ are mediated primarily by an emerging class of neuronal calcium sensor (NCS) proteins (Weiss et al. 2010) that belong to the EF-hand superfamily. The human genome encodes 14 members of the NCS family. The amino acid sequences of NCS proteins are highly conserved from yeast to humans (Fig.  1). Recoverin, the first NCS protein to be discovered (Dizhoor et al. 1991), and guanylate cyclase–activating proteins (GCAPs) (Dizhoor et al. 1994; Palczewski et al. 1994) are expressed exclusively in the retina where they serve as Ca 2+sensors in vision. Other NCS proteins are...
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Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by grants to J.B.A. from the NIH.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of ChemistryUniversity of CaliforniaDavisUSA