Cadmium and Oxidative Stress
Oxidative stress is a process in which the cellular redox balance between pro- and antioxidants is disturbed in favor of the former.
Cadmium (Cd) contamination is a widespread complication of industrial’s reliance on metals and the intensive use of agrochemicals containing Cd. Cadmium is not biodegradable, and therefore, the global environmental risk is constantly increasing due to its accumulation via the food chain. Furthermore, as Cd is classified as a type I carcinogenic element, it poses a serious threat to humans and animals but also other organisms, such as plants, fungi, and bacteria, present in all compartments of different ecosystems, are negatively affected by Cd.