Cadmium Exposure, Cellular and Molecular Adaptations
Adaptation: The fact for a living species to become better suited to its environment.
Resistance: The process of opposing the harmful threat of a toxic compound.
Speciation: Describes the associated forms in which elements, e.g., metals, occur in complex systems, such as a biological medium.
Redox: Acronym for oxidation-reduction. Here, refers to the set of reactions in which electrons can be exchanged within a cell.
Reactive oxygen species (ROS): Designates three oxygen-containing compounds, the superoxide radical anion, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radical, which all derive from dioxygen by successive reduction steps. By extension, ROS may refer to strongly oxidative (i.e., electron withdrawing) oxygen-containing molecules such as the hypochlorous anion or peroxynitrite.
Cadmium compounds are overwhelmingly toxic in their interactions...