Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Cadmium Exposure, Cellular and Molecular Adaptations

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_28

Synonyms

Definition

Adaptation: The fact for a living species to become better suited to its environment.

Resistance: The process of opposing the harmful threat of a toxic compound.

Speciation: Describes the associated forms in which elements, e.g., metals, occur in complex systems, such as a biological medium.

Redox: Acronym for oxidation-reduction. Here, refers to the set of reactions in which electrons can be exchanged within a cell.

Reactive oxygen species (ROS): Designates three oxygen-containing compounds, the superoxide radical anion, hydrogen peroxide, and hydroxyl radical, which all derive from dioxygen by successive reduction steps. By extension, ROS may refer to strongly oxidative (i.e., electron withdrawing) oxygen-containing molecules such as the hypochlorous anion or peroxynitrite.

Introduction

Cadmium compounds are overwhelmingly toxic in their interactions...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institut de Recherches en Sciences et Technologies du VivantLaboratoire Chimie et Biologie des Métaux (IRTSV/LCBM), CEA–renobleGrenobleFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, UMR5249GrenobleFrance
  3. 3.Université Joseph Fourier-Grenoble I, UMR5249GrenobleFrance