Encyclopedia of Metalloproteins

2013 Edition
| Editors: Robert H. Kretsinger, Vladimir N. Uversky, Eugene A. Permyakov

Scandium, Interactions with Actin

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-1533-6_200025


This entry refers to the features of actin and its interactions with scandium. Actin, a globular, roughly 42-kDa protein, is the component of the cytoskeletal system that allows movement of cells and cellular processes. It is the most abundant protein in the typical eukaryotic cells where it may be present at concentrations of over 100 μM. It is also one of the most highly conserved proteins, differing by no more than 20% in species as diverse as algae and humans. In vertebrates, three main groups of actin isoforms, alpha, beta, and gamma have been identified.

The elements from Ce3+ to Ho3+ have the ability to induce the formation of actin tubes and microcrystals, whereas La3+ and the heaviest ions, Er3+ to Lu3+, do not. The previous work suggested that actin tubes are induced by trivalent cations, principally on the basis of their binding stoichiometry, which in turn is determined by ionic radius. Sc3+is not able to induce crystalline actin tubes but form amorphous...

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  1. Barden J, Curmi P, Dos Remedios C (1981) Crystalline actin tubes: III. The interaction of scandium and yttrium with skeletal muscle actin. Biochim Biophys Acta 671:25–32CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.CAS Key Laboratory for Biomedical Effects of Nanomaterials and Nanosafety & CAS Key Laboratory of Nuclear Analytical TechniquesInstitute of High Energy Physics, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina