Clubfoot, or talipes equinovarus, is one of the most common congenital deformities affecting the lower limbs in approximately 1–2 in 1,000 live births. The incidence is higher in Hispanics and lower in Asians. Although clubfoot is recognizable at birth, the severity of the deformity can vary from mild to an extremely rigid foot that is resistant to manipulation (Dobbs and Gurnett 2009).
Synonyms and Related Disorders
Genetic cause: suggested because it tends to run in families (Lochmiller et al. 1998)
Oligohydramnios: suggested as a cause from early amniocentesis data (CEMAT Group 1998)