Aplasia Cutis Congenita

Reference work entry

Aplasia cutis congenita (ACC) is a clinical description of the absence of the skin at birth, first described by Cordon in 1767. It is a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by absence of epidermis, dermis, and, sometimes, subcutaneous tissue, muscle, or bone on one or more parts of the body. The incidence is estimated to be 1 in 10,000 births.

Synonyms and Related Disorders

Aplasia cutis congenita associated with epidermolysis bullosa (simplex, junctional, dystrophic); Congenital scalp defect; Congenital skull and scalp defect

Genetics/Basic Defects

  1. 1.
    Etiological theories
    1. a.
      Amniogenic theory (Frieden 1986)
      1. i.

        Adhesion of the amniotic membrane to the fetal skin might tear off, leaving absent areas of skin

         
      2. ii.

        Not supported by the study of placentas because most placentas are normal

         
       
    2. b.

      Vascular theory: assumes thromboplastic material from a fetus papyraceus (mummified dead fetus) as the causes of skin damage

       
    3. c.

      Placental abnormalities

       
    4. d.

      Biomechanical forces on the...

Keywords

Fibril Hydrocephalus Ileal Dura Hemangioma 

References

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