Building Control Systems
This entry provides an overview of systems and issues related to providing optimized controls for commercial buildings. It includes a description of the evolution of the control systems over time, typical equipment and control variables, typical two-level hierarchal structure for feedback and supervisory control, definition of the optimal supervisory control problem, references to typical heuristic control approaches, and a description of current and future developments.
KeywordsEnergy management and controls systems (EMCS) Building automation systems (BAS) Intelligent building controls Cooling plant optimization
- ASHRAE (2011) Supervisory control strategies and optimization. In: 2011 ASHRAE handbook of HVAC applications, chap 42. ASHRAE, Atlanta, GAGoogle Scholar
- Li H, Yu D, Braun JE (2011) A review of virtual sensing technology and application in building systems. HVAC&R Res 17(5):619–645Google Scholar
- Mitchell JW, Braun JE (2013) Principles of heating ventilation and air conditioning in buildings. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
- Roth KW, Westphalen D, Feng MY, Llana P, Quartararo L (2005) Energy impact of commercial building controls and performance diagnostics: market characterization, energy impact of building faults, and energy savings potential. TIAX report no. D0180Google Scholar