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Nutrition in Congenital Heart Disease: Challenges, Guidelines and Nutritional Support

Abstract

Infants and children with congenital heart disease have high energy requirements and poor intake and are frequently malnourished. Delivering adequate nutrition is challenging and may be difficult due to fluid limitations, feeding intolerance, gut hypoperfusion secondary to low cardiac output and heart failure, hypoxemia, or ductal dependent blood supply. Nutrition intervention, with close tolerance monitoring, is safe, optimizes nutrition status, and reduces morbidity and mortality.

Keywords

  • Breast-feed
  • Calorie
  • Chylothorax
  • Energy
  • Energy expenditure
  • Enteral nutrition
  • Enteral nutrition algorithm
  • Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
  • Failure to thrive
  • Feeding
  • Feeding tube
  • Malabsorption
  • Malnutrition
  • Necrotizing enterocolitis
  • Nutrition assessment
  • Parenteral nutrition

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Fig. 169.1
Fig. 169.2

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Correspondence to Piyagarnt E. Vichayavilas .

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Vichayavilas, P.E., Skillman, H.E., Krebs, N.F. (2014). Nutrition in Congenital Heart Disease: Challenges, Guidelines and Nutritional Support. In: Da Cruz, E., Ivy, D., Jaggers, J. (eds) Pediatric and Congenital Cardiology, Cardiac Surgery and Intensive Care. Springer, London. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_164

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-4619-3_164

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