Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Melotte, Philibert Jacques

Reference work entry

BornCamden Town, (London), England, 29 January 1880

DiedAbinger, Surrey, England, 20 March 1961

English astrometrist Philibert Melotte discovered the eighth satellite of Jupiter, Pasiphae, and some southern nebulae carry his name. He was the son of a (Belgian-born, hence the names) lecturer at the Royal Naval College, who enrolled him at the Roan School in Greenwich, where Melotte completed his formal education at age 15. He then joined the staff of the Royal Observatory (Greenwich) as a supernumerary computer, remaining on the staff there for his entire career. At the time, it was the custom of the Royal Observatory to recruit the bulk of its staff members for observation and data reduction from local schools. This was an ideal opportunity for Melotte, as those students who showed particular talent (and were able to pass a set of fairly challenging examinations) were allowed to take up permanent posts when they fell vacant. Melotte was one of these students who, by exceptional talent,...

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Selected References

  1. Chapman, S. and P. J. Melotte (1913). “On the Application of Parallel Wire Diffraction Gratings to Photographic Photometry.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 74: 50–58.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dyson, Sir F. W. and P. J. Melotte (1919). “The Region of the Sky between R. A. 3h and 5h 30m and N. Dec. 20° to 35°.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 80: 3–6.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Hunter, A. (1962). “Philibert Jacques Melotte.” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 3: 48–50.Google Scholar
  4. Melotte, P. J. (1931). “The Numbers of Stars per Square Degree, Magnitude 11 to 14, in Different Galactic Latitudes.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 91: 810–812.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Newall, H. F. (1909). “In Presenting the Jackson-Gwilt Medal to Mr. Philibert Melotte.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 69: 331–332.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.New Mexico TechSocorroUSA