Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jewell, Lewis E.

  • Klaus Hentschel
Reference work entry

BornMarietta, Ohio, USA, circa1863

Diedpossibly Rochester, New York, USA, after 1926

Lewis E. Jewell, while a laboratory assistant to Professor  Henry Rowland at Johns Hopkins University (JHU), vigorously disagreed with him about the dominant reason that wavelengths of absorption lines in the solar spectrum frequently disagreed with laboratory wavelengths by a fraction of an angstrom. Rowland blamed small errors in the use of the laboratory equipment, while Jewell thought that processes in the solar atmosphere were involved. He also participated in several solar eclipse expeditions.

The exact date and place of Jewell’s birth are uncertain. He lived in Baltimore at least from 1894 to 1910 and was employed at JHU at least from 1887 to 1890, where he probably also took a few courses. He was deeply involved in the process of compiling tables of standard wavelengths that Rowland published from 1887 onward and is briefly acknowledged in these. His own publications make clear that he...

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Selected References

  1. Hentschel, Klaus. “The Discovery of the Redshift of Solar Fraunhofer Lines by Rowland and Jewell in Baltimore around 1890.” Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences, 23, no. 2 (1993): 219–277.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Zum Zusammenspiel von Experiment, Instrument und Theoriebildung. Rotverschiebung im Sonnenspektrum und verwandte spektrale Verschiebungseffekte von 1880 bis 1960. Hamburg: Kovač, 1998, chaps. 5–6.Google Scholar
  3. Mapping the Spectrum. Techniques of Visual Representation in Research and Teaching. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.Google Scholar
  4. Jewell, Lewis E. “The Coincidence of Solar and Metallic Lines. Astrophysical Journal 3 (1896): 89–113.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. — “The Revision of Rowland’s System of Wavelengths.” Astrophysical Journal 21 (1905): 23–34.Google Scholar
  6. — “Reports Concerning the Total Solar Eclipse of May 28, 1900 and of May 17, 1901.”, Publications of the U.S. Naval Observatory 4 (1906) app. 1: 94–97, 121–151, 203–215, 299–307 and pl. LXXII.Google Scholar
  7. Kayser, Heinrich. “Erinnerungen aus meinem Leben.” Annotierte wissenschaftshistorische Edition des Originaltyposkriptes aus dem Jahr 1936. Editors Matthias Dörries and Klaus Hentschel. Munich: Deutsches Museum, 1996.Google Scholar
  8. Rowland, Henry A. “A New Table of Standard Wavelengths.” Memoirs of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences 12 (1896): 101–178.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. RP: Rowland papers, MS 6, Special Collections, Milton S. Eisenhower Library, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore (folder Jewell).Google Scholar
  10. Sweetnam, George Kean. The Command of Light. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society, 2000.Google Scholar
  11. U.S. Census Records and City Registers of Baltimore, Maryland.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus Hentschel
    • 1
  1. 1.University of StuttgartStuttgartGermany