Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

de la Baume Pluvinel, Aymar Eugène

  • Thomas Hockey
Reference work entry

Alternate Names

 Baume Pluvinel, Aymar Eugène de la;  Comte de la Baume Pluvinel

Born France, 6 November, 1860

Died France, 18 July, 1938

As early as 1882, the young Aymar Baume Pluvinel was part of a French expedition to Haiti, to observe the transit of Venus. His were the initial photographs of such an event made on silver-bromide plates. He went on to participate in nine solar eclipse expeditions, always as a volunteer.

At home, Baume Pluvinel was one of the first to use the new telescope built on Pic du Midi. His 1909 planetary photographs, the first made in nonvisible light, showed no evidence of   Percival Lowell ’s Martian “canals.”

An instrument builder, Baume Pluvinel created the first automated, balloon-borne spectrograph, in order to identify telluric lines in the solar spectrum (1899). He also was the first to obtain cometary spectra using an objective prism (1907). Baume Pluvinel became a member of the French Academy of Sciences in 1932.

Selected Reference

  1. Guillermier, P. and Koutchmy, S. (1999). Total Eclipses: Science, Observations, Myths, and Legends. London: Springer.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Hockey
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Earth ScienceUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA