Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Abd al-Wājid: Badr al-Dīn ҁAbd al-Wājid [Wāḥid] ibn Muḥammad ibn Muḥammad al-Ḥanafī

  • Hüseyin Gazi Topdemir
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_9003

BornMashhad, (Iran)

DiedKütahya, (Turkey), 1434

Abd al-Wājid was a mudarris (teacher) who wrote several works on astronomy that indicate that he was greatly influenced by the astronomical educational tradition of the Marāgha circle of scholars (including  Ṭūsī and  Shīrāzī). He traveled to Anatolia from his native region of Khurāsān in Iran, and became a student of Muḥammad ibn Ḥamza al-Fanārī (died: 1431) during the reign of Germiyānoğlu Süleymān Shāh (1368–1387). ҁAbd al-Wājid later settled in Kütahya and taught at the Wājidiyya Madrasa (known as the Demirkapi Madrasa during the Ottoman Period) until his death. The influence of the Marāgha circle had previously been felt in Anatolia because of Shīrāzī, who had also worked at various centers and schools there.

Local traditions indicate that the Wājidiyya Madrasa was a place where astronomical observation and instruction took place, often associated with ҁAbd al-Wājid in the fourteenth century. According to its foundation inscription,...

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Selected References

  1. Baltacı, C. (1976). XV–XVI. Asırlarda Osmanlı Medreseleri. İstanbul.Google Scholar
  2. İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin et al. (1997). Osmanlı Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi (OALT) (History of astronomy literature during the Ottoman period). Vol. 1, pp. 22–24 (no. 7). Istanbul: IRCICA.Google Scholar
  3. Sayili, Aydin (1948). “The Wâjidîya Madrasa of Kütahya, A Turkish Medieval Observatory?”. Belleten 12: 655.Google Scholar
  4. — (1960). The Observatory in Islam. Ankara: Turkish Historical Society, esp. pp. 246, 254–255.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.PhilosophyAnkara UniversityAnkaraTurkey