Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Auzout, Adrien

Reference work entry

BornRouen, France, 28 January 1622

DiedRome, (Italy), 23 May 1691

Adrien Auzout is known primarily for his work in astronomy, mathematics, and physics, with his main contribution to astronomy being his efforts in the development of the filar micrometer and telescopic sights. Auzout's father was a local government official in the court of Rouen and possibly also the Viscount of Rouen. There appears to be no record of Adrien’s schooling, but it was not unusual for the son of an aristocrat to have received his education by private tutors. The evidence is not clear whether he was a Catholic or not. His first notable scientific work came in 1647, when he created a vacuum inside another vacuum in order to prove that the pressing weight of a column of air causes the mercury in a barometer to rise.

In a letter in 1665, Auzout wrote that he believed the heliocentric universe hypothesis of  Nicolaus Copernicuswas not absurd nor a false philosophy and that those ideas were not in conflict with...

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Selected References

  1. Hahn, Roger (1971). The Anatomy of a Scientific Institution: The Paris Academy of Sciences, 16661803. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  2. McKeon, Robert M. (1970). “Auzout, Adrien.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 1, pp. 341–342. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Union CityUSA