Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Köhler, Johann Gottfried

  • Thomas Hockey
Reference work entry

BornGauernitz near Meissen, (Sachsen, Germany), 15 December 1745

DiedDresden, (Germany), 19 September 1801

From 1776, Johann Köhler served as Inspektor (curator), and from about 1785 until his death as Oberinspektor (director), of both the Kunstkammer and the Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon in Dresden. He published a list of “nebulae” in 1780. The list included several independent discoveries of deep-sky objects that eventually received numbers in  Charles Messier’s catalog. Köhler’s instruments also were apparently used by  Alexander von Humboldt on his first voyage to South America.

Selected Reference

  1. Brosche, Peter (2002). “Köhler’s Sternphotometer von 1786.” In Vol. 5 of Beiträge zur Astronomiegeschichte, edited by Wolfgang R. Dick, pp. 152–158. Acta Historica Astronomiae, Vol. 15. Frankfurt am Main: Deutsch.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Earth ScienceUniversity of Northern IowaCedar FallsUSA