Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Āryabhaṭa I

  • Narahari B. Achar
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_75

Alternate Name

 Āryabhaṭa the Elder

Born (India), 476

Āryabhaṭa I is the foremost astronomer of the classical age of India. He was born in Aśmaka, but later lived in Kusumapura, identified as the modern city of Patna. Nothing much is known about his personal life, except that he was a great and revered teacher. He is referred to as Kulapa (or Kulapati, vice chancellor), quite possibly of the Nalanda School. His work Āryabhaṭīya is the earliest preserved astronomical text of the scientific period of ancient Indian astronomy that bears the name of an individual.

Āryabhaṭa wrote at least two works on astronomy: (1) Āryabhaṭīya, a very well known work and (2) Āryabhaṭa-siddhānta, a work known only through references to it in later works. Āryabhaṭīyadeals with both mathematics and astronomy and is noted for its brevity and conciseness of composition. It contains 121 stanzas in all and is divided into four chapters, each called a pāda. There exist a number of commentaries written in...

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Selected References

  1. Āryabhata (1930). Āryabhatīya, translated into English with notes by W. E. Clark. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. — (1976). Āryabhatīya, edited and translated into English by Kripa Shankar Shukla in collaboration with K. V. Sarma. Āryabhatīya critical edition series, pt. 1. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy. (Also contains notes and comments by Shukla.)Google Scholar
  3. — (1976). Āryabhatīya. With the commentary of Bhāskara and Someśvara, edited by Kripa Shankar Shukla. Āryabhatīya critical edition series, pt. 2. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy. (Also contains an introduction by Shukla.)Google Scholar
  4. — (1976). Āryabhatīya. With the commentary of Sūryadeva Yajvan, edited by K. V. Sarma. Āryabhatīya critical edition series, pt. 3. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy. (Also contains an introduction by Sarma.)Google Scholar
  5. Bose, D. M., S. N. Sen, and B. V. Subbarayappa (1971). A Concise History of Science in India. New Delhi: Indian National Science Academy.Google Scholar
  6. Dikshit, S. B. (1896). Bhāratīya Jyotisha. Poona. (English translation by R. V. Vaidya. 2 pts. New Delhi: Government of India Press, Controller of Publications, 1969, 1981.)Google Scholar
  7. Pingree, David. Census of the Exact Sciences in Sanskrit. Series A. Vol. 1 (1970): 50b-53b; Vol. 2 (1971): 15b; Vol. 3 (1976): 16a; Vol. 4 (1981): 27b; Vol. 5 (1994): 16a-17a. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society. (Contains a full bibliography.)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MemphisMemphisUSA