Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Arrhenius, Svante August

Reference work entry

BornVik (or Wijk), Sweden, 19 February 1859

DiedStockholm, Sweden, 2 October 1927

Chemist Svante Arrhenius was considered a child prodigy who reputedly taught himself how to read at the age of three. His father, Svante Gustaf Arrhenius, was a surveyor and estate manager for the University of Uppsala; his mother was Carolina Thunberg.

Arrhenius began his university education studying physics at the University of Uppsala. He felt that he was not receiving the best education, so he went to Stockholm to study under Professor Erik Edlund and to work on his doctorate. Arrhenius’ dissertation, entitled Recherches sur la conductibilité galvanique des électrolytes(Investigations on the galvanic conductivity of electrolytes), was presented in 1884, but mainly because his professors did not fully understand his work, the thesis and its defense received a low grade. In this treatise, Arrhenius began to develop his theory on the dissociation of ions in water, which led to his receiving the Nobel...

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Selected References

  1. Crawford, Elisabeth (1996). Arrhenius:From Ionic Theory to the Greenhouse Effect. Uppsala Studies in History of Science, Vol. 23. Canton, Massachusetts: Science History Publications.Google Scholar
  2. Heathcote, Niels Hugh de Vandrey (1953). Nobel Prize Winners in Physics, 19011950. New York: Henry Schuman.Google Scholar
  3. Jaffe, Bernard (1976). Crucibles:The Story of Chemistry, From Ancient Alchemy to Nuclear Fission. New York: Dover.Google Scholar
  4. Snelders, H. A. M. (1970). “Arrhenius, Svante August.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 1, pp. 296–302. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  5. Thorne, J. O. and T. C. Collocott (eds.) (1990). Chambers Biographical Dictionary. Edinburgh: W. and R. Chambers.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Union CityUSA