Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Kaiser, Frederik

  • Petra Heijden
Reference work entry

Alternate Names

 Kaiser, Frederick;  Kaiser, Friedrich

BornAmsterdam, the Netherlands, 10 June 1808

DiedLeiden, the Netherlands, 28 July 1872

Frederik Kaiser directed the Leiden Observatory from 1837 until his death in 1872. His contributions to Dutch astronomy included the foundation of a completely new observatory building in Leiden (in 1860, the first of its kind in the Netherlands) and the introduction of statistics and precision measurements in daily astronomical practice. Moreover, he was a gifted teacher and a skillful popularizer of astronomy.

Kaiser was the oldest boy of eight children born to Johann Wilhelm Keyser and Anna Sibella Liernur. His parents were immigrants from Nassau-Dietz in Germany. Kaiser’s father, a teacher of German, died in 1817 when Frederik was 8 years old. Kaiser was then raised by his uncle, Johan Frederik Keyser, a municipal employee and teacher of mathematics in Amsterdam. Keyser was a member of several learned societies and was known as a proficient...

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Selected References

  1. Minnaert, M. G. J. (1973). “Kaiser, Frederik.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 7, pp. 209–210. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  2. Oudemans, J. A. C. (1875). “Levensschets van Frederik Kaiser.” Jaarboek der Koninklijke Akademie van Wetenschappen: 39–104.Google Scholar
  3. van de Sande Bakhuyzen, H. G. (1911). “Frederik Kaiser.” In Nieuw Nederlandsch biografisch woordenboek, edited by P. C. Molhuysen and P. J. Blok, pp. 1239–1241. Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff.Google Scholar
  4. van Geer, P. (1872). Frederik Kaiser: Een woord van herinnering, uitgesproken bij de heropening der academisch lessen. Leiden: A. W. Sijthoff.Google Scholar
  5. W. T. L. (1873). “Professor Frederik Kaiser.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 33: 209–211.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Leiden UniversityLeidenThe Netherlands