Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jūzjānī: AbūҁUbaydҁAbd al-Wāḥid ibn Muḥammad al-Jūzjānī

  • Alnoor Dhanani
Reference work entry

Flourished (Iran), 11th century

Jūzjānī was one of the earliest Islamic scientists to provide an alternative to  Ptolemy’s equant model. Very little is known about his life. He probably was already a jurist (faqīh) in Jurjān when he met  Ibn Sīnā in 1012. He became one of his students and tells us that he studied Ptolemy’s Almagest and logic with Ibn Sīnā. He aided Ibn Sīnā with the compilation of the Cure (al-Shifā’) and added the sections on geometry, arithmetic, astronomy, and music from Ibn Sīnā’s earlier works to the Salvation (al-Najāt) as well as the Philosophy forҁ Alā al-dawla (Dānishnāme-iҁAlā’ī). Jūzjānī commented on the difficult passages of Ibn Sīnā’s Canon of Medicine (al-Qānūn fī al-ṭibb) and translated the “Book on Animals” of the Cure from Arabic into Persian. He completed Ibn Sīnā’s Autobiography after his death. Jūzjānī is also the author of The Manner of Arrangement of the Spheres (Kitāb Kayfiyyat tarkīb al-aflāk), which has not survived, as well as a surviving Summary...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Selected References

  1. Al-Bayhaqī, Ẓāhir al-Dīn (1996). Tārīkh ḥukamā’ al-islām. Cairo: Maktabat al-thaqāfa al-dīniyya.Google Scholar
  2. Gohlman, William E. (1974). The Life of Ibn Sīnā: A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation. Albany: State University of New York Press.Google Scholar
  3. Gutas, Dimitri (1988). Avicenna and the Aristotelian Tradition. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  4. Ragep, F. J. (1993). Naṣīr al-Dīn al-Ṭūsī’s Memoir on Astronomy (al-Tadhkira fīҁilm al-hay’a). 2 Vols. New York: Springer-Verlag.Google Scholar
  5. Saliba, George (1994). “Ibn Sīnā and AbūҁUbayd al-Jūzjānī: The Problem of the Ptolemaic Equant.” In A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories during the Golden Age of Islam. New York: New York University Press, pp. 85–112. (Originally published in Journal for the History of Arabic Science 4 [1980]: 376–403.)Google Scholar
  6. — (1994). “Arabic Astronomy and Copernicus.” In A History of Arabic Astronomy: Planetary Theories during the Golden Age of Islam. New York: New York University Press, pp. 291–305. (Originally published in Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Arabisch-Islamischen Wissenschaften 1 [1984]: 73–87.)Google Scholar
  7. Sezgin, Fuat (1978). Geschichte des arabischen Schrifttums. Vol. 6, Astronomie, pp. 280–281. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA