Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jurjānī: ҁAlī ibn Muḥammad ibn ҁAli al-Ḥusaynī al-Jurjānī (al-Sayyid al-Sharīf

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_733

BornTaku (near Astarābādh, Gurgān, Iran), 1340

DiedShiraz, (Iran), 1413

Jurjānī’s contribution to astronomy is in his role as commentator on several significant astronomical texts of his time. Jurjānī’s interest in science and philosophy is evident in his journey to Herat (Afghanistan) to study with the aged Quṭb al-Dīn Muḥammad al-Rāzī (died: 1365), who wrote on logic, philosophy, and theology. Al-Rāzī was a student of the Shīҁī scholar ҁAllāma al-Ḥillī (died: 1325), who in turn had studied with the astronomer, philosopher, and theologian  Naṣīr al-dīn al- Ṭūsī at the Marāgha Observatory. Pleading advanced age, al-Rāzī declined Jurjānī’s request to study with him, recommending instead that Jurjānī study with his student Mubārakshāh, who was known as “the logician” (al-Manṭiqī), in Cairo. Jurjānī’s subsequent journey to Cairo took 6 years as he traveled and studied with scholars. In 1371, Jurjānī arrived in Cairo to study religious, linguistic, and rational disciplines. Four years...

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Selected References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Harvard UniversityCambridgeUSA