Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

John of Gmunden

  • Alena Hadravová
  • Petr Hadrava
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_723

Alternate Name

 Krafft, Johann

BornGmunden am Traunsee, (Austria), 13801384

DiedVienna, (Austria), 23 February 1442

John of Gmunden, best known for his treatises on astronomical instruments such as the astrolabe and equatorium, made Vienna an important center of astronomy in Europe.

John, the son of a tailor in Gmunden, received his bachelor’s degree at Vienna University in 1402, and his master’s in 1406. His early university lectures (up to 1416) dealt mostly with philosophy and theology. Later (up to 1425), he lectured exclusively on mathematics and astronomy, and he became the first professor of these branches at Vienna University. John was twice dean of the university, and he gained many honors there.

In 1425 John became canon of Saint Stephan’s cathedral in Vienna, but his university career continued with lectures on astronomy. He also wrote astronomical tables and treatises on astronomical instruments such as the astrolabe (his version of the astrolabe is based on the...

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Selected References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Research Center for the History of Sciences and Humanities, ICH, Academy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Astronomical InstituteAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicOndřejovCzech Republic