Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green


Reference work entry

BornMacedonia, (Greece), 384 BCE

Died322 BCE

The ancient Greek worldview featured a central Earth surrounded by rotating spheres carrying the planets and stars; it persisted for some two millennia, from ancient Greece through medieval Islam to Renaissance Europe, and was largely the creation of the Greek philosopher Aristotle.

Aristotle’s father was the personal physician of Amyntas II of Macedon, a poor land of unruly people at the northern edge of the Greek peninsula. At age 17, in 367 BCE, Aristotle left Macedon for Athens. There he entered  Plato’s Academy, and stayed there for 20 years.

Philip II claimed the crown of Macedon in 359 BCE, gradually consolidated his control, and emerged as Athens’ main opponent. Plato’s death in 347 BCE, combined with an anti-Macedonian mood in Athens, saw Aristotle set sail across the Aegean Sea to Asia Minor. There, he founded a new academy under the patronage of a local ruler, whose 18-year-old niece and adopted daughter Aristotle married. From...

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Selected References

  1. Grene, Marjorie (1963). A Portrait of Aristotle. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar
  2. Hetherington, Norriss S. (1987). Ancient Astronomy and Civilization. Tucson: Pachart Publishing House.MATHGoogle Scholar
  3. — (1993). Encyclopedia of Cosmology: Historical, Philosophical, and Scientific Foundations of Modern Cosmology. New York: Garland.Google Scholar
  4. Hope, Richard (1961). Aristotle’s Physics. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.Google Scholar
  5. Jaeger, W. (1948). Aristotle: Fundamentals of the History of His Development. 2nd ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
  6. Stocks, J. L. (1930). The Oxford Translation of Aristotle. Vol. 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.BerkeleyUSA