Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Javelle, Stéphane

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_715

BornLyon, France, 16 November 1864

DiedNice, France, 3 August 1917

During his 33 years as an astronomer at the Nice Observatory, Stéphane Javelle discovered nearly 2,000 nebulae and recovered six periodic comets. Javelle took an active part in the measurement of the speed of light as well as in the Eros solar parallax campaign undertaken by  Henri Perrotin, the first director of the Nice Observatory.

In 1883 Javelle took his baccalaureate in Lyon, where his father manufactured furniture and his mother was a seamstress. Javelle was employed as an accountant by a Lyon industrialist who happened to be a friend of the astronomer  Louis Thollon. At the time Thollon had just finished the construction of a large spectroscope with which he planned to study the Sun’s spectrum at the Nice Observatory, a private institution owned by financier Raphaël Louis Bischoffsheim. Thollon recommended Javelle to Perrotin, who employed him at the Nice Observatory as a “student” astronomer in 1884. Javelle...

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Selected References

  1. Anon. (1918). “Stéphane Javelle.” (1918). Observatory 41: 70.Google Scholar
  2. Bigourdan, Guillaume (1910). “Prix Valz.” Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences 151: 1188–1189.Google Scholar
  3. Fayet, Gaston. “Université de Paris, Observatoire de Nice, Rapport annuel 1917.” Fonds d’archives historiques de l’Observatoire de Nice.Google Scholar
  4. Javelle, Stéphane (1895). “Catalogue de nébuleuses découvertes avec le grand équatorial de l’observatoire de Nice.” Annales de l’Observatoire de Nice 4: B1–B39.Google Scholar
  5. — (1897). “Catalogue de nébuleuses découvertes avec le grand équatorial de l’observatoire de Nice (Deuxième catalogue).” Annales de l’Observatoire de Nice 6: B1–B22.Google Scholar
  6. — (1908). “Catalogue de nébuleuses découvertes avec le grand équatorial de l’observatoire de Nice (Troisième catalogue).” Annales de l’Observatoire de Nice 11: D1–D52.Google Scholar
  7. Perrotin, Joseph (1893). “Sur les petites planètes et les nébuleuses découvertes à l’observatoire de Nice par MM. Charlois et Javelle et sur la station du Mounier.” Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences 116: 38–40.Google Scholar
  8. Perrotin, Joseph and Stéphane Javelle (1908). “Observations d’Eros faites à l’équatorial Gautier de 0 m, 76 d’ouverture.” Annales de l’Observatoire de Nice 11: C1–C98.Google Scholar
  9. Tisserand, Félix (1894). “Prix Lalande.” Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences 119: 1065–1066.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Observatoire de la Côte d’AzurNiceFrance