Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jaghmīnī: Sharaf al-Dīn Maḥmūd ibn Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Jaghmīnī al-Khwārizmī

Reference work entry

FlourishedKhwārizm, (Uzbekistan), first half of the thirteenth century

Jaghmīnī is the author of the ubiquitous elementary astronomical text al-Mulakhkhaṣ fī al-hayʾa al-basīṭa (Epitome of plain theoretical astronomy). This popular, simplified (i.e., without proofs) introduction to astronomy, written in Arabic, was the subject of an enormous number of extant commentaries and supercommentaries. These commentaries (many written in Persian as well as Arabic) were meant to be studied along with the Mulakhkhaṣ and used as supplements for more advanced teaching texts.

The Mulakhkhaṣis an elementary summary of the configuration of the celestial and terrestrial worlds, and the orbs and sublunar levels contained therein. It is composed of an introduction and two sections. The introduction is an explanation of the divisions of the bodies in general; Section 1 is divided into five parts and is an explanation of the celestial orbs and what pertains to them; and Section 2 is divided into three...

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Selected References

  1. Fazlıoğlu, İhsan (2008). “The Samarqand Mathematical-Astronomical School: A Basis for Ottoman Philosophy and Science.” Journal for the History of Arabic Science 14: 3–68.Google Scholar
  2. İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin (ed.) (2002). History of the Ottoman State, Society and Civilisation. 2 Vols. Istanbul: IRCICA. (Discusses the tradition of the Mulakhkhaṣ in the Ottoman Empire.)Google Scholar
  3. İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin, et al. (1997). Osmanlı Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi (OALT) (History of astronomy literature during the Ottoman period). 2 Vols. Istanbul: IRCICA. (A listing of manuscripts of the Ottoman commentators on the Mulakhkhaṣ.)Google Scholar
  4. İzgi, Cevat (1997). Osmanlı Medreselerinde İlim. 2 Vols. Istanbul. Vol. 1, pp. 370–392. (On the teaching of the Mulakhkhaṣ in the Ottoman madrasas.)Google Scholar
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  15. Ṭāshkubrīzade, Aḥmad b. Muṣṭafā (1985). Miftāḥ al-saʿāda wa-miṣbāḥ al-siyāda. 3 Vols. Beirut: Dār al-kutub al-ʿilmiyya. Vol. 1, p. 349.Google Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Islamic Studies, McGill UniversityMontrealCanada