Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Jagannātha Samrāṭ

  • Narahari B. AcharEmail author
Reference work entry

Born(India), circa1657

Died(India), circa1744

Jagannātha, the famous Guru of Savāī  Jai Singh, hailed originally from Maharāśtra. His father was Ganeśa, and grandfather, Viṭṭhala. At the suggestion of Jai Singh, Jagannātha studied Arabic and Persian and became proficient in both. He translated works on astronomy and mathematics from Arabic into Sanskrit. His major work, Samrāṭ Siddhānta or Siddhāntasārakaustubha, is based on  Ṭūsī’s version of the Almagest of  Ptolemy; the first 13 chapters of Samrāṭ Siddhānta run parallel to the 13 books of the Almagest. Jagannātha also translated Euclid’s Elements into Sanskrit in 1719, and the latter work is called Rekhāgaṇita. He compiled a glossary of technical terms in Sanskrit and composed a work on instrumentation called Yantraprakāra. Jagannātha was himself an observer and regarded observations as the pramāṇa, or deciding factor, whenever there were discrepancies between theory and observation. He admired  Ulugh Begand the advances in...

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Selected References

  1. Jagannātha (1901–1902). The Rekhāgaṇita or Geometry in Sanskrit. Bombay Sanskrit Series, nos. 61 and 62, edited with notes by K. P. Trivedī. 2 Vols. Bombay: Nirnaya Sagar Press. (This is actually part of the title.)Google Scholar
  2. — (1967–1969). Siddhāntasamrāṭ, edited by Rāmasvarūpa Śarman. 3 Vols. New Delhi: Indian Institute of Astronomical and Sanskrit Research.Google Scholar
  3. Pingree, David. Census of the Exact Sciences in Sanskrit. Series, A. Vol. 3 (1976): 56a–58a; Vol. 4 (1981): 95a; Vol. 5 (1994): 113b–114a. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.Google Scholar
  4. Sharma, V. N. (1995). Sawai Jai Singh and His Astronomy. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass Publishers.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of MemphisMemphisUSA