Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Antoniadi, Eugène Michael

  • William Sheehan
Reference work entry

BornIstanbul, (Turkey), 1 March 1870

DiedParis, France, 10 February 1944

Eugène Antoniadi was one of the leading visual observers of the planets in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Born of Greek parents, Antoniadi became interested in astronomy during his boyhood. His talent for beautiful draftsmanship became evident at an early age; it appears he received at least some formal training in architecture. When he was only 17, Antoniadi began making drawings of sunspots and the planets with a 3-in. refractor at Constantinople and on the island of Prinkipio in the Sea of Marmara. He began submitting his work to the Société Astronomique de France, which had been founded in 1887 by  Camille Flammarion. At this time, conditions in the Ottoman Empire were worsening under Sultan Abdülhamid II – the Red Sultan – and Antoniadi was eager to escape his disordered homeland. He accepted an invitation to become assistant observer at Flammarion’s private observatory, located at his...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Selected References

  1. Antoniadi, E. M. (1934). La planète Mercure et la rotation des satellites. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.Google Scholar
  2. — (1975). The Planet Mars, translated by Patrick Moore. Shaldon, Devon, England: Keith Reid.Google Scholar
  3. McKim, Richard (1993). “The Life and Times of E.M. Antoniadi, 1870–1944, Part 1: An Astronomer in the Making.” Journal of the British Astronomical Association 103: 164–170.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. — (1993). “The Life and Times of E. M. Antoniadi, 1870–1944, Part 2: The Meudon Years.” Journal of the British Astronomical Association 103: 219–227. (Includes an extensive bibliography.)Google Scholar
  5. — (1999). “Telescopic Martian Dust Storms: A Narrative and Catalogue.” Memoirs of the British Astronomical Association 44.Google Scholar
  6. Sheehan, William and Stephen James O’Meara (2001). Mars: The Lure of the Red Planet. Amherst, New York: Prometheus Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Lowell ObservatoryFlagstaffUSA