Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Ångström, Anders Jonas

Reference work entry

BornHässjö, Sweden, 13 August 1814

DiedUppsala, Sweden, 21 June 1874

Anders Ångström was an astronomical observer, physicist, and a pioneer in spectroscopy. His father Johan was a clergyman in the Lutheran church of Sweden. Ångström and his two brothers, Johan and Carl, all received higher education. Carl became a professor of mining technology; Johan became a physician and well-known botanist. Ångström studied at Uppsala University, and in 1839, he became a docent in physics there. As the professor in physics was a fairly young man, and as there were no other academic positions in physics other than the professorship, Ångström switched to astronomy, where there was a position as astronomical observer at the university.

During the 1840s and 1850s, Ångström worked as astronomical observer and acting professor of both astronomy and physics at Uppsala University. He did research in various fields during these years, for example, in geomagnetism and the heat conduction of metals.

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Selected References

  1. Beckman, Anna (1952). “Anders Jonas Ångström, 1814–1874.” In Swedish Men of Science, 1650–1950, edited by Sten Lindroth, pp. 193–203. Stockholm: Swedish Institute, Almqvist and Wiksell.Google Scholar
  2. Widmalm, Sven (2001). Det öppna laboratoriet: Uppsalafysiken och dess nätverk, 18531910. Stockholm: Atlantis.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of History of Science and IdeasUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden