Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Anderson, Carl David

Reference work entry

BornNew York, New York, USA, 3 September 1905

DiedSan Marino, California, USA, 11 January 1991

American cosmic-ray physicist Carl Anderson is best known for the discovery of the positron (a particle with the same mass as the electron but positively charged) for which he shared the 1936 Nobel Prize in Physics, with  Viktor Hess, who was recognized for the discovery of cosmic rays.

Anderson was the child of Swedish immigrants Carl David Anderson and Emma Adolfina Ajaxon. He married Lorraine Bergman in 1946, and they had two children. Anderson spent his entire professional career at the California Institute of Technology, receiving a B.S. (1927) and a Ph.D. in physics (1930), the latter for work with  Robert Millikanon particle detectors. He was appointed a research fellow for the period 1930–1933, becoming assistant professor of physics in 1933, then associate professor, and being promoted to full professor in 1939, only after he had won the Nobel Prize. Anderson’s work during World...

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Selected References

  1. Anderson, C. D. (1961). “Early Work on the Positron and Muon.” American Journal of Physics: 825–830.Google Scholar
  2. Brown, Laurie M. and Lillian Hoddeson (eds.) (1983). The Birth of Particle Physics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  3. Galison, Peter (1987). How Experiments End. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Aarhus UniversityAarhusDenmark