Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

ҁĀmilī: Bahā' al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-ҁĀmilī

  • Behnaz Hashemipour
Reference work entry

BornBaҁlabakk near Jabal al-ҁĀmilī, (Lebanon), 18 February 1547

DiedIsfahan, Iran, 1 September 1621

Bahā' al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-ҁĀmilī, better known in Iran as Shaykh-i Bahā'ī, was probably the last scholar in the chain of universal and encyclopedic scholars that Islamic civilization was still producing as late as the sixteenth century. A major figure in the cultural revival of Safavid Iran, he wrote numerous works on astronomy, mathematics, and religious sciences and was one of the very few in the Islamic world to have propounded the possibility of the Earth’s movement prior to the spread of Copernican discoveries in astronomy.

Bahā'ī’s family came from the village of Jubaҁ near the coastal town of Sidon in southern Lebanon, in the vicinity of Jabal ҁāmil, whence his name. He was still a young boy when his whole family, as part of a wave of Shīҁa scholars, migrated to Iran to escape the persecutions of the Shiite Muslims by the Ottomans.

Bahā'ī’s father, a prominent scholar...

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Selected References

  1. ҁAbbās, Dalāl (1995). Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī: Adīb-an, Faqīh-an, ҁĀlim-an (Man of letters, theologian, and scientist). Beirut: Dār al-Hiwār.Google Scholar
  2. ҁĀmilī, Bahā' al-Dīn, Sharh Tashrīh al-aflāk (Commentary on Tashrīh al-aflāk). Tehran, Majlis Library, MSS 3280 and 6345, Fols. 75–87 and 80–109.Google Scholar
  3. — (1879). al-Kashkūl. Lithographed Edition (known as Najm al-Mulk’s edition).Google Scholar
  4. — (1976). Mathematical Works, edited by G. Shawky. Aleppo: Institute for the History of Arabic Science, University of Aleppo.Google Scholar
  5. Bosworth, C. E. (1989). Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī and His Literary Anthologies. Journal of Semitic Studies, Monograph No. 10. Manchester: University of Manchester Press.Google Scholar
  6. Dhihnī Tehrānī, M. J. (1992). Tuhfat al-ahbāb (A short Persian commentary on al-ҁĀmilī's Tashrīh al-aflāk). Qum: hādhiq Publishing House.Google Scholar
  7. Kohlberg, Etan (1989). “Bahā' al-Dīn ҁĀmilī.” In Encyclopaedia Iranica, edited by Ehsan Yarshater. Vol. 3, pp. 429–430. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.Google Scholar
  8. Nafīsī, Saҁīd (1982). Ahwāl wa ashҁār-i fārsīy-i Shaykh-i Bahā'ī (The life and the Persian poetry of Shaykh-i Bahā'ī). Tehran: Nashr-i Chakāmeh.Google Scholar
  9. Nasr, Seyyed Hossein (1976). Islamic Science: An Illustrated Study. London: World of Islam Festival Publishing Co.Google Scholar
  10. — (1986). “Spiritual Movements, Philosophy and Theology in the Safavid Period.” In The Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 6, The Timurid and Safavid Periods, edited by Peter Jackson and Laurence Lockhart, pp. 656–697. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  11. Stewart, Devin J. (1990). “Review of Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī and His Literary Anthologies, by C.E. Bosworth.” Studia Iranica 19: 275–282.Google Scholar
  12. — (1991). “A Biographical Notice on Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī (d. 1030/1621).” Journal of the American Oriental Society 111: 563–571.Google Scholar
  13. — (Spring 1996). “Taqiyyah as Performance: The Travels of Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī in the Ottoman Empire (991–93/1583–85).” Princeton Papers in Near Eastern Studies 4: 1–70. (Special issue on Law and Society in Islam.)Google Scholar
  14. — (Spring 1998). “The Lost Biography of Bahā' al-Dīn al-ҁĀmilī and the Reign of Shāh Ismāҁīl II in Safavid Historiography.” Iranian Studies 31, no. 2: 177–205.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Isfahan University of TechnologyIsfahanIran