ҁĀmilī: Bahā' al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-ҁĀmilī
BornBaҁlabakk near Jabal al-ҁĀmilī, (Lebanon), 18 February 1547
DiedIsfahan, Iran, 1 September 1621
Bahā' al-Dīn Muḥammad ibn Ḥusayn al-ҁĀmilī, better known in Iran as Shaykh-i Bahā'ī, was probably the last scholar in the chain of universal and encyclopedic scholars that Islamic civilization was still producing as late as the sixteenth century. A major figure in the cultural revival of Safavid Iran, he wrote numerous works on astronomy, mathematics, and religious sciences and was one of the very few in the Islamic world to have propounded the possibility of the Earth’s movement prior to the spread of Copernican discoveries in astronomy.
Bahā'ī’s family came from the village of Jubaҁ near the coastal town of Sidon in southern Lebanon, in the vicinity of Jabal ҁāmil, whence his name. He was still a young boy when his whole family, as part of a wave of Shīҁa scholars, migrated to Iran to escape the persecutions of the Shiite Muslims by the Ottomans.
Bahā'ī’s father, a prominent scholar...
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