Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Amici, Giovanni Battista

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_44

BornModena, (Italy), 25 March 1786

DiedFlorence, Italy, 10 April 1863

Giovanni Amici was an expert in optics as well as a very talented maker and user of lenses, objectives, prisms, and optical instruments.

After obtaining a degree in engineering, Amici became professor (from 1815) at Modena University. Here he began his studies in astronomy, making observations of the Sun, comets, Jupiter, and Saturn. In 1831 the Grand Duke of Tuscany, Leopoldo II, appointed him as director of Florence’s observatory.

Amici’s prism is quoted in every book on optics, and  Giovan Donati was able to discover  Joseph von Fraunhofer’s lines in stellar spectra by using a spectroscope suggested by Amici. Amici was also a great botanist.

Selected References

  1. Briosi, G. (1908). “Amici G. B.” Atti dell’Istituto di botanica dell’Universita de Pavia, ser. 2, 11: 3.Google Scholar
  2. Donati, G. B. (1865). “Obituary.” Atti della R. Accademia economico-agraria dei geogofili de Firenze, n.s., 11.Google Scholar
  3. Mohl, U. von (1863). “Amici G. B.” Botanische Zeitung 21: 1.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Università di MoliseCampobassoItaly