Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Ambartsumian, Victor Amazaspovitch

  • Adriaan Blaauw
Reference work entry

BornTbilisi, (Georgia), 18 September 1908

DiedByurakan, Armenia, 12 August 1996

Victor Ambartsumian formulated ideas pertinent to the structure and evolution of stars, of galaxies – especially active ones – and of the entire Universe. Some of these ideas, for instance, the unboundedness of many star clusters and the need for star formation to be an ongoing process, have stood the test of time. Others have not.

Victor was the son of Amazasp Asaturovich Ambartsumian, a historian (and, later in life, professor at Yerevan University), and Ripsame Ambartsumian. He married Vera, the adopted daughter of  Grigory Shain, the then director of the Crimean Observatory. Victor and Vera had two daughters and two sons.

Ambartsumian’s elementary and secondary schooling took place in Tbilisi, Georgia. He graduated from the University of Leningrad, Russia, in 1928. Ambartsumian was a staff member of the Pulkovo Observatory (near Leningrad, now Saint Petersburg, Russia) from 1928 to 1931. In 1931, he...

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Selected References

  1. Ambartsumian, Victor (1929). Zeitschrift für Physik 52: 263–267. (Ambartsumian’s work on the eigenfunctions.)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. — (1932). “The Radiative Equilibrium of a Planetary Nebula.” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 93: 50–61.Google Scholar
  3. — (1938). Communications of the University of Leningrad 22: 10. (Ambartsumian’s work on double stars and the cosmological timescale.)Google Scholar
  4. — (1944). Communications of the Armenian Academy of Science 1: 9. (Ambartsumian’s work on brightness fluctuations in the Milky Way.)Google Scholar
  5. — (1950). Communications of the Soviet Academy of Science 14: 15.Google Scholar
  6. — (1951). Communications of the Armenian Academy of Science 13: 129.Google Scholar
  7. — (1955). “Stellar Systems of Positive Total Energy.” Observatory 75: 72–78.Google Scholar
  8. — (1966). “Some Remarks on the Nature of the Nuclei in Galaxies.” In Proceedings of the Twelfth General Assembly, Hamburg, 1964, edited by J. C. Pecker, pp. 578–581. Transactions of the International Astronomical Union, Vol. 12B. London: Academic Press.Google Scholar
  9. Ambartsumian, Victor and L. V. Mirzoian (1975). “Flare Stars in Star Clusters and Associations.” In Variable Stars and Stellar Evolution, edited by Vicki E. Sherwood and Lukas Plaut, pp. 3–14. IAU Symposium No. 67. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  10. Blaauw, Adriaan (1964). “The O Associations in the Solar Neighborhood.” Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 2: 213–246.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. — (1997). “In Memoriam: V. A. Ambartsumian.” Journal of Astrophysics and Astronomy 18: 1–2.Google Scholar
  12. Chandrasekhar, S. (1988). “To Victor Ambartsumian on His 80th Birthday.” Astrofizika 29: 7.ADSGoogle Scholar
  13. Eremeeva, A. I. (1995). “Political Repression and Personality: The History of Political Repression against Soviet Astronomers.” Journal for the History of Astronomy 26: 297–324.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Israelian, Garik (1997). “Victor Amazasp Ambartsumian, 1912–1996 (i.e. 1908).” Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 29: 1466–1467.ADSGoogle Scholar
  15. Kolchinski, I. G., A. A. Korsum, and M. R. Rodriges (1966). Astronomers (in Russian). Kiev, pp. 15–17.Google Scholar
  16. Lynden-Bell, D. and V. Gurzadian (1997). “Victor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian 1908–1996.” Astronomy and Geophysics 38, no. 2: 37.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Adriaan Blaauw
    • 1
  1. 1.GroningenThe Netherlands