Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Aller, Lawrence Hugh

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_40

BornTacoma, Washington, USA, 24 September 1913

DiedMalibu, California, USA, 16 March 2003

American astronomer Lawrence Aller is known primarily for quantitative analysis of the spectra of stars and nebulae, leading to measurements of their chemical composition. He was among the first to recognize that the stars of  Walter Baade’s Population II contain a much smaller share of heavy elements (beyond hydrogen and helium) than does the Sun and that different nova explosions eject different mixes of elements.

As the son of Leslie and Lella Belle (néeAllen) Aller, Lawrence experienced a troubled childhood. His father moved the family from their hometown to San Francisco, California, where they stayed from 1922 to 1925. After a brief stay in Alaska in 1925, the family returned to Tacoma, where they lived until 1928, moving then to Seattle until 1931. Forced to work with his father and brother to support the family, Aller never graduated from high school. Somehow Aller found access to some...

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Selected References

  1. Aller, Lawrence H. (1953). Astrophysics: The Atmospheres of the Sun and Stars. New York: Ronald Press Co. (2nd ed., 1963.)Google Scholar
  2. — (1956). Gaseous Nebulae. New York: Chapman and Hall.Google Scholar
  3. — (1984). Physics of Thermal Gaseous Nebulae. Dordrecht: D. Reidel.Google Scholar
  4. — (1991). Atoms, Stars, and Nebulae. 3rd ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  5. — (1995). “An Astronomical Rescue.” Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics 33: 1-17.Google Scholar
  6. Aller, Lawrence H. and Donald H. Menzel (1945). “Physical Processes in Gaseous Nebulae. XVIII. The Chemical Composition of the Planetary Nebulae.” Astrophysical Journal 102: 239-263.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Goldberg, L., Lawrence H. Aller, and E. A. Muller (1954). “The Abundances of the Elements in the Sun.” In Proceedings of the National Science Foundation Conference on Stellar Atmospheres Held at Indiana University, edited by Marshal H. Wrubel. Washington, DC.Google Scholar
  8. Kaler, James B. (2003). “Lawrence Hugh Aller, 1913-2003.” Bulletin of the American Astronomical Society 35: 1453-1454.ADSGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Bohyunsan Optical Astronomy ObservatoryYeongcheonKorea