Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Dudits, András

  • László Szabados
Reference work entry

Alternate Names

 Dudith, Andrá;  Dudith, Andreas;  Dudits, Andreas;  Duditus, András;  Duditus, Andreas

Born Buda (Budapest), Hungary, 5 February 1533

Died Breslau (Wroćlaw, Poland), 23 February 1589

Theologian András Dudits wrote a treatise on comets, in which he argued against astrology.

Both parents were of noble origin. Dudits’s father, Jeromos Dudits, died in a battle against the Turks, and his mother belonged to the Venetian noble family, the Sbardellat. He studied in Verona and Paris (1550–1553), then occupied high positions in the Catholic church - Canon of Esztergom (1557), Provost of Esztergom (1561), Bishop of Tina (Dalmatia) and Csanád (1562), and Bishop of Pécs (1563). In 1562/1563, Dudits served as the Hungarian representative to the Council of Trent. Later on in the 1560s, he fulfilled a diplomatic mission in Poland. His heretical view that priests should be allowed to marry led to his condemnation from the Catholic church. In 1567, Dudits was converted to the Lutheran faith and married a Polish noblewoman. Emperor Maximilian II retained him as ambassador to Poland, but in 1576 Dudits left the court. Then he lived on his wife’s property and was engaged in science and humanities: astronomy, medicine, Graeco-Roman literature, and theology.

Having reconsidered his earlier interest in astrology, eventually Dudits rejected it and argued against astrology. In a treatise on comets (Commentariolus de Cometarum significatione…, Basiliae, 1579), Dudits criticized the superstitious belief. He was in extensive correspondence with contemporary scientists, among others with the astronomer   Tadeá Hájek z Hájku , the mathematician Johannes Praetorius, and the physician Crato.

Selected Reference

  1. Costil, Pierre (1935). Andre Dudith, humaniste hongrois 1533–1589: Sa vie, son oeuvre et ses manuscrits grecs. Paris.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Konkoly ObservatoryHungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary