Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green


  • Setsuro IkeyamaEmail author
Reference work entry

Flourished(Gujarat, India), 1578–1583

The Indian astronomer Dinakara composed three sets of astronomical tables. He belonged to the Moḍha clan of the Kauśika lineage, and was the son of Rāmeśvara and great grandson of Dunda. Dinakara resided in Bārejya (or Bāreja) in Gujarat. His tables are (1) the Candrārkī(epoch 1578) for which there is an anonymous commentary on it, (2) the Khe’ṭasiddhi(epoch 1578); and (3) the Tithisāraṇī(or Dinakarasāraṇī) (epoch 1583). The first two tables are planetary tables for computing the longitudes of the planets; the first deals with the Sun and Moon, including the tables for calendar making, and the second with the other five planets. The third is for making Indian calendars. These use the parameters of the Brahma school.

Selected References

  1. Pingree, David (1968). “Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in the United States.” Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, n.s., 58, pt. 3: 51b–53a.Google Scholar
  2. — (1971). “Dinakara.” In Dictionary of Scientific Biography, edited by Charles Coulston Gillispie. Vol. 4, p. 100. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons.Google Scholar
  3. — (1973). Sanskrit Astronomical Tables in England. Madras: Kuppuswami Sastri Research Institute.Google Scholar
  4. Census of the Exact, Sciences in Sanskrit. Series, A. Vol. 3 (1976): 102b–104b; Vol. 4 (1981): 109a–109b; Vol. 5 (1994): 138a–139b. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.Google Scholar
  5. — (1981). Jyotihśāstra. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.KyotanabeJapan