Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Dicke, Robert Henry

  • Douglas ScottEmail author
Reference work entry

BornSaint Louis, Missouri, USA, 6 May 1916

DiedPrinceton, New Jersey, USA, 4 March 1997

American experimental physicist Robert Dicke invented the microwave radiometer and lock-in amplifier that bear his name and that made possible the discovery of the cosmic microwave background radiation; he also carried out a number of experiments clarifying the properties of gravitation on terrestrial and astronomical scales.

Dicke was the son of a patent attorney. He grew up in Rochester, New York, where he began undergraduate studies at the University of Rochester, and got a transfer to Princeton University (where he published his first paper, modeling globular clusters as a gas of stars) to complete his bachelor’s degree in 1939. Dicke received a Ph.D. from the University of Rochester in 1941, for the work with Lee DuBridge in nuclear physics, and held honorary degrees from Edinburgh University, Rochester, Ohio, “Northern University,” and Princeton University.

Immediately upon receipt of his...

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Selected References

  1. Dicke, Robert H. (1970). Gravitation and the Universe. Philadelphia: American Philosophical Society.Google Scholar
  2. Dicke, Robert H., P. J. E. Peebles, P. G. Roll, and D. T. Wilkinson (1965). “Cosmic Black-Body Radiation.” Astrophysical Journal142: 414–419.ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Happer, William, P. J. E. Peebles, and D. T. Wilkinson (1997). “Robert Henry Dicke.” Physics Today50, no. 9: 92–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. — (1999). “Robert Henry Dicke.” Biographical Memoirs, National Academy of Sciences77: 79–94.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada