Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

ҁAlī al-Muwaqqit: Muṣliḥ al-Dīn Muṣṭafā ibn ҁAlī al-Qusṭanṭīnī al-Rūmī al-Ḥanafī al-Muwaqqit

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_35

Bornprobably Istanbul, (Turkey)

DiedIstanbul, (Turkey), 1571

Muṣṭafā ibn ҁAlī was one of the most important figures of sixteenth century Ottoman astronomy. He was nicknamed al-muwaqqit (the timekeeper) because of his theoretical and practical studies of astronomical timekeeping (ҁilm al-mīqāt) and work on astronomical instruments, and is considered to be the founder of the Ottoman tradition of ҁilm al-mīqāt and practical astronomy. To a great extent Muṣṭafā ibn ҁAlī continued the movement of the Turcification of Graeco-Hellenic and classical Islamic astronomy literature that was started by  Muḥammad al- Qunawī. He also wrote books in the field of mathematical geography.

Born in Istanbul in the early sixteenth century, Muṣṭafā ibn ҁAlī was educated in the wake of the reigns of Sultan Mehmet the Conqueror and Sultan Bāyazīd II (reigned: 1481–1512), during which time the sciences were nurtured. He took courses from the leading scholars of the time, including  Mīram Čelebīwho continued...

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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey