Born Portsmouth, England, 1762
Died Antigua, 1836
William Dawes, a lieutenant in the Royal Marines, sailed to the Australian penal colony with the First Fleet in 1779. On the recommendation of Nevil Maskelyne , Dawes established the first observatory in Australia, near Sydney in 1788, and conducted a valuable series of longitude determinations as well as general astronomical observations. Dawes later served as Governor of Sierra Leone. His son William Rutter Dawes achieved lasting fame as a double-star observer.
- Mander-Jones, Phyllis (1966). “Dawes, William (1762–1836).” In Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 1, 1788–1850, pp. 297–298. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar