Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Dawes, William

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_341

Born Portsmouth, England, 1762

Died Antigua, 1836

William Dawes, a lieutenant in the Royal Marines, sailed to the Australian penal colony with the First Fleet in 1779. On the recommendation of   Nevil Maskelyne , Dawes established the first observatory in Australia, near Sydney in 1788, and conducted a valuable series of longitude determinations as well as general astronomical observations. Dawes later served as Governor of Sierra Leone. His son   William Rutter Dawes achieved lasting fame as a double-star observer.

Selected Reference

  1. Mander-Jones, Phyllis (1966). “Dawes, William (1762–1836).” In Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 1, 1788–1850, pp. 297–298. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rice UniversityHoustonUSA