BornPortsmouth, England, 1762
William Dawes, a lieutenant in the Royal Marines, sailed to the Australian penal colony with the First Fleet in 1779. On the recommendation of Nevil Maskelyne, Dawes established the first observatory in Australia, near Sydney in 1788, and conducted a valuable series of longitude determinations as well as general astronomical observations. Dawes later served as Governor of Sierra Leone. His son William Rutter Dawesachieved lasting fame as a double-star observer.
- Mander-Jones, Phyllis (1966). “Dawes, William (1762–1836).” In Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 1, 1788–1850, pp. 297–298. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar