Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Dawes, William

  • Thomas R. Williams
Reference work entry

BornPortsmouth, England, 1762

DiedAntigua, 1836

William Dawes, a lieutenant in the Royal Marines, sailed to the Australian penal colony with the First Fleet in 1779. On the recommendation of  Nevil Maskelyne, Dawes established the first observatory in Australia, near Sydney in 1788, and conducted a valuable series of longitude determinations as well as general astronomical observations. Dawes later served as Governor of Sierra Leone. His son  William Rutter Dawesachieved lasting fame as a double-star observer.

Selected Reference

  1. Mander-Jones, Phyllis (1966). “Dawes, William (1762–1836).” In Australian Dictionary of Biography. Vol. 1, 1788–1850, pp. 297–298. Melbourne: Melbourne University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Rice UniversityHoustonUSA