Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Davis, Raymond, Jr.

  • Edward BaronEmail author
Reference work entry

BornWashington, USA, 14 October 1914

DiedBlue Point, New York, USA, 31 May 2006

American radiochemist/physicist Raymond Davis conceived, built, and ran the first experiment to detect neutrinos from the Sun. His work provided the first direct experimental confirmation that the Sun produces energy by thermonuclear fusion of hydrogen to helium.

Davis received BS and MS degrees in physical chemistry from the University of Maryland in 1937 and 1940, respectively. In 1942, he earned a Ph.D. from Yale University also in physical chemistry. Davis served in the United States Army from 1942 to 1946, after which he worked for the Monsanto Chemical Company for 2 years. In 1948, he joined the staff at Brookhaven National Laboratory in Upton, New York, and stayed there until his retirement in 1984. In 1985, Davis joined the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania.

Going against common wisdom in the physics community that the detection of neutrinos from reactors by...

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Selected Reference

  1. Bahcall, John N. (1989). Neutrino Astrophysics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Physics and AstronomyUniversity of OklahomaNormanUSA