Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Taqī al-Dīn Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Zayn al-Dīn Maҁrūf al-Dimashqī al-Ḥanafī

  • İhsan Fazlıoğlu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_1360

Born Damascus, (Syria), 14 June 1526

Died Istanbul, (Turkey), 1585

Taqī al-Dīn was the founder and the director of the Istanbul Observatory and worked in the fields of mathematics, astronomy, optics, and mechanics. He made various astronomical instruments and was the first astronomer to use an automatic-mechanical clock for his astronomical observations. He advanced the arithmetic of decimal fractions and used them in the calculation of astronomical tables.

Taqī al-Din began his studies, as was normal, with the basic religious sciences and Arabic. Later on, he continued his religious studies and studied the mathematical sciences with scholars in Damascus and Egypt, including most significantly his father. It is probable that Taqī al-Dīn’s teacher in mathematics was Shihāb al-Dīn al-Ghazzī whereas the one in astronomy was  Muḥammad ibn Abī al-Fatḥ al-Ṣūfī. Taqī al-Dīn himself states in several of the forewords to his books that he was particularly interested in the mathematical...

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Selected References

  1. Demir, Remzi (2000). Takiyüddin’de Matematik ve Astronomi. Ankara: Atṯaturk Kūthur Merkeri Yainlari.Google Scholar
  2. İhsanoğlu, Ekmeleddin et al. (1997). Osmanlı Astronomi Literatürü Tarihi (OALT) (History of astronomy literature during the Ottoman period). Vol. 1, pp. 199–217 (no. 96). Istanbul: IRCICA.Google Scholar
  3. — (1999). Osmanlı Matematik Literatürü Tarihi (OMLT). (History of mathematical literature during the Ottoman period). Vol. 1, pp. 83–87 (no. 47). Istanbul: IRCICA.Google Scholar
  4. Mordtmann, J. H. (1923). “Das Observatorium des Taqî ed-Dîn zu Pera.” Der Islam 13: 82–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Sayılı, Aydın (1960). The Observatory in Islam. Ankara: Turkish Historical Society, pp. 289–305.Google Scholar
  6. Tekeli, Sevim (1958). “Nasirüddin, Takiyüddin ve Tycho Brahe’nin Rasat Aletlerinin Mukayesesi.” Ankara Üniversitesi Dil ve Tarih-Coğrafya Fakültesi Dergisi 16, nos. 3–4: 301–353.Google Scholar
  7. — (1966). 16ıncı Asırda Osmanlılarda Saat ve TakiyüddininMekanik Saat Konstrüksüyonuna Dair En Parlak YıldızlarAdlı Eseri. Ankara (Turkish-English-Arabic text.): Ankara ūniversitesi, Dil, Tarih-Cog-rafya Fakultesi Yayinlare.Google Scholar
  8. — (1986). “Onaltıncı Yüzyıl Trigonometri Çalısmaları Üzerine Bir Arastırma: Copernicus ve Takiyuddin.” Erdem 2, no. 4: 219–272.Google Scholar
  9. Tekeli, Sevim, (ed.) (1960). “Alat el-Rasadiyye li Zic-i Sehinsahiyye.” İslām Tetkikleri Enstitüsü Dergisi 3, pt.1/ 2: 1–30.Google Scholar
  10. Topdemir, Hüseyin Gazi (1999). Takiyüddin’in Optik Kitabı. Ankara: Atṯaturk Kūthur Merkeri Yayinlari.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Istanbul UniversityIstanbulTurkey