Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2014 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, JoAnn Palmeri, Daniel W. E. Green

Abū al-Ṣalt: Umayya ibn ҁAbd al-ҁAzīz ibn Abī al-Ṣalt al-Dānī al-Andalusī

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9917-7_12

Alternate Name

 Albuzale

BornDenia (Spain), circa1068

DiedBejaïa (Algeria), 23 October 1134

Abū al-Ṣalt was an accomplished, though not innovative, astronomer whose most important works dealt with instruments. These were read both in the Islamic world and in Europe. He may further be considered a polymath, having also written works in medicine, philosophy, music, history, and literature.

Abū al-Ṣalt’s father died while he was still a child. In Denia he studied under al-Waqqashī (1017/8–1095/6), a well-known poet, mathematician, historian, philosopher, grammarian, lexicographer, jurist, and traditionalist, who had emigrated from Toledo. Later, it seems that Abū al-Ṣalt also studied in Seville before leaving al-Andalus for Alexandria and Cairo.

Abū al-Ṣalt arrived in Alexandria, accompanied by his mother, in 1096, during the reign of the Fatimid ruler al-Mustaҁlī ibn al-Mustanṣir, in the epoch of the powerful minister al-Afḍal ibn Amīr al-Juyūsh Shāhanshāh. Al-Afḍal accepted Abū al-Ṣalt...

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Selected References

  1. Comes, Mercè (1991). Ecuatorios andalusíes: Ibn al-Samh, al-Zarqālluh y Abū-l-Salt. Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona. Instituto de Cooperación Con el mundo ārabe.Google Scholar
  2. — (2000). “Umayya b. ҁAbd al-ҁAzīz, Abu ’l-Salt al-Dānī al-Ishbīlī.” In Encyclopaedia of Islam. 2nd ed. Vol. 10, pp. 836–837. Leiden: E. J. Brill.Google Scholar
  3. — (2002). “Ibn Abī l-Salt al-Dānī, Umayya.” In Enciclopedia de al-Andalus. Diccionario de autores y obras andalusíes. Vol. 1, pp. 373–380 (no. 204). Granada. (Contains an extensive bibliography). El Legado andalsí.Google Scholar
  4. Kennedy, E. S. (1970). “The Equatorium of Abū al-Salt.” Physis 12: 73–81. Reprinted in. E. S. Kennedy, et al. (1983). Studies in the Islamic Exact Sciences, edited by David A. King and Mary Helen Kennedy, pp. 481–489. Beirut: American University of Beirut.MathSciNetGoogle Scholar
  5. Lamrabet, Driss (1994). Introduction à l’histoire des mathématiques maghrébines. Rabat: Driss Lambrabet, p. 54.Google Scholar
  6. Lévy, Tony (1996). “L’histoire des nombres amiables: Le témoignage des textes hébreux médiévaux.” Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 6: 63–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Millás Vallicrosa, José María (1931). Assaig d’història de les idees físiques i matemàtiques a la Catalunya medieval. Barcelona pp. 75–81. Institutció Patxot. Esludie Universitáns catalans. (Reprinted in Edicione cientifipue cetalene. Barcelona, 1983.)Google Scholar
  8. Premare, A. L. (1964–1966). “Un Andalou en Egypte à la fin du XIe siècle.” Mélanges de l’Institut dominicaine des études orientales du Caire: 179–208.Google Scholar
  9. Samsó, Julio (1992). Las ciencias de los antiguos en al-Andalus. Madrid: Mapfre, pp. 310–317.Google Scholar
  10. Sánchez Pérez, José Augusto (1921). Biografias de matematicos árabes que florecieron en España. Madrid: Impr. de E. Maestre, pp. 130–132.Google Scholar
  11. Suter, Heinrich (1900). “Die Mathematiker und Astronomen der Araber und ihre Werke.” Abhandlungen zur Geschichte der mathematischen Wissenschaften 10: 115.MATHGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Universidad de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain