Encyclopedia of Systems Biology

2013 Edition
| Editors: Werner Dubitzky, Olaf Wolkenhauer, Kwang-Hyun Cho, Hiroki Yokota

Pre-miRNA

  • Yan Zhang
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9863-7_323

Synonyms

Definition

Precursor-miRNAs (pre-miRNA) refer to the hairpin precursors of miRNAs formed by the cleavage of primary miRNAs by DCGR8 and Drosha.

Characteristics

The 17–24 nt, single-stranded miRNAs are derived from longer, primary transcripts termed “pri-miRNAs.” The pri-miRNAs, which can be more than 1,000 nt in length, contain an RNA hairpin in which one of the two strands includes the mature miRNA. The hairpin, which typically comprises 60–120 nt, is cleaved from the pri-miRNA in the nucleus by the double-strand-specific ribonuclease, Drosha. The resulting pre-miRNA hairpins are transported to the cytoplasm via a process that involves Exportin-5. In cytoplasm, the pre-miRNA is further cleaved by the RNase III enzyme Dicer to generate a short, partially double-stranded RNA (miRNA:miRNA* duplex). The mature miRNA is taken up by a protein complex that is similar, if not identical, to the RNA-Induced Silencing Complex (RISC) that supports RNA interference (RNAi), and...
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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Key Laboratory of Systems Biology, Shanghai Institutes for Biological SciencesChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiChina