Encyclopedia of Systems Biology

2013 Edition
| Editors: Werner Dubitzky, Olaf Wolkenhauer, Kwang-Hyun Cho, Hiroki Yokota

Preventive Medicine

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4419-9863-7_240

Synonyms

Definition

Preventive Medicine is clinical practice that incorporates clinical strategies based on the characteristics of an individual for the purpose of reducing risk of poor clinical outcomes. Individual characteristics may include: environmental factors (e.g., smoking), demographics (e.g., age, gender, ethnicity), patient history (e.g., previous medications, previous medical conditions), family history (e.g., disorders of direct relatives), and clinical profile (e.g., current weight, current medications, genetic profile). Preventive Medicine is a constituent of the  personalized medicine concept and is commonly used in the context of genomic medicine (medical practice that incorporates knowledge of an individuals’ genetic profile and how certain profile characteristics give rise to certain phenotypes or physical conditions).

Predictive and Preventive Medicine

 Predictive medicine (another constituent of the  personalized medicineconcept) involves...

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References

  1. American Board of Preventive Medicine (2010) Booklet of information. http://www.abprevmed.org/public/infobook.pdf. Accessed 16 September 2011
  2. Hood L, Heath JR, Phelps ME, Lin B (2004) Systems biology and new technologies enable predictive and preventative medicine. Science 306(5696):640–643PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Last JM (2007) A dictionary of public health, 1st edn. Oxford University Press, Oxford/New YorkGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Medical Education and Biomedical InformaticsUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA