Personalized Medicine is the tailoring of medical treatment to individual characteristics. Individual characteristics may include: environmental factors (e.g., smoking), demographics (e.g., age, gender, ethnicity), patient history (e.g., previous medications, previous medical conditions), family history (e.g., disorders of direct relatives), and clinical profile (e.g., current weight, current medications, genetic profile). It is common for decisions made by clinical practitioners to be influenced by what they know about a patient, therefore, all medical practice is “personalized” to some extent. The Personalized Medicine concept is most commonly used in the context of genomic medicine (medical practice that incorporates knowledge of an individuals’ genetic profile and how certain profile characteristics give rise to certain phenotypes or physical conditions).
Predictive and Preventative Medicine
The two major components of Personalized...
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